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What are Polygons? – 5 Types of Polygon
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What are Polygons? – 5 Types of Polygon

A Polygons closed figure made up of line segments (not curves) in a two-dimensional plane.
And polygon combines two words, i.e., poly (means many) and gon (means sides).

Also, a minimum of three line segments must connect end to end to make a closed figure. Thus the polygon with a minimum of three sides is known as a triangle, and it’s also called 3-gon. An n-sided polygon is called n-gon.

What are the Types of Polygon?

  • It depends on the sides and angles, and the polygons classify into different types, namely:
  • Regular Polygon
  • Also irregular polygon
  • And convex polygon
  • Concave Polygon
  • Angles of Polygon

1. Regular Polygon

  • If all the sides’ interior angles are equal, it is known as the regular polygon. And also the examples of regular polygons are square, rhombus, equilateral triangle, etc.

2. Irregular Polygon

  • If all the sides of the interior angles of the Polygon area of different measure. Also it is an irregular polygon—for example, the scalene triangle, the rectangle, a kite, etc.

3. Convex Polygon

  • Suppose all the interior angles of a polygon are strictly less than 180 degrees. Also it’s known as the convex polygon. And also the vertex point outwards from the center of the shape.

4. Concave Polygon

  • If one and more interior angles of the polygon are more than 180 degrees, they are known as the concave polygon. And concave polygon can take at least four sides. Also the vertex points towards the inside of the polygon.
  • However, the number of polygons is defines based on the number of sides, angles, and properties. Also Let us see one of the frequently used. And also the primary type of polygon that is the triangle.

5. Angles of Polygon

  • As we know, any polygon as many vertices as its sides. And each corner the measure of angles. Also these angles categorize into two types, namely interior angles and exterior angles of a polygon.

Real Applications of Polygons

Understanding shapes is essential in geometry. Moreover, bodies have broad applications in real-world applications.

For Example:

The tiles you step on are square, implying that they are polygons.

The truss of a building or a bridge, the walls of a building, etc., are examples of polygons. The trusses are triangular, while the walls are rectangular.

The rectangular part of a chair you are sitting on is an example of a polygon.

The rectangular-shaped screen of your laptop, television and mobile phone is an example of a polygon.

Also, a rectangular soccer field or park is an example of a polygon.

The Bermuda Triangle, which is a triangular shape, is a polygon.

Also, the Pyramids of Egypt are an example of (triangular) polygons

Star-shaped figures are examples of polygons.

Traffic signs are also an example of it.

Example

Juan has a rectangular sheet of paper. He wants to cut the form to get two more polygons (apart from a rectangle) of the same size and shape. He suggests possible paths.

Solution

There are two ways to cut a rectangular sheet of paper to get two other polygons (not a rectangle) of the same size and shape:

You can cut a rectangular sheet of paper vertically from the centre to get the two squares of the same size and shape. Also you can cut a rectangular sheet of paper diagonally to get two triangles of the same size and shape.

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